This Day in History: 14 April

This day in history marks some important event in England. We look at the end of the Kingmaker, Henry VIII’s battle against the monasteries and the death of a husband of Mary, Queen of Scots.

1471 - Wars of the Roses: Battle of Barnet – Yorkists defeat the Lancastrians and kill the Earl of Warwick.

256px-MS_Ghent_-_Battle_of_Barnet_retouched
Battle of Barnet

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

1471 – Richard Neville, 16th Earl of Warwick, English nobleman and military commander known as Warwick the Kingmaker, slain in battle at age 42. Neville was instrumental in placing King Edward IV (Grandfather of Henry VIII) on the throne in place of the sometime coherent King Henry VI.

Possible Portrait of Warwick
Possible Portrait of Warwick

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

1536 - King Henry VIII expropriates minor monasteries.

Henry_VIII_(6)_by_Hans_Holbein_the_Younger
King Henry VIII

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

1556 – On 14 April, Sir Anthony Kingston died. Kingston was the son of the well-known Sir William Kingston. We best know his father as the Constable of the Tower during the downfall of Anne Boleyn. Sir Anthony was also the Constable of the Tower. In 1546, he was charged with torturing Anne Askew who was accused of heresy.

1578 – James Hepburn, 4th Earl of Bothwell, died. He was the third husband of Mary, Queen of Scots.

James_Hepburn,_4th_Earl_of_Bothwell,_c_1535_-_1578._Third_husband_of_Mary_Queen_of_Scots_-_Google_Art_Project
James Hepburn, Earl of Bothwell