Lambeth Palace (Guest Post)

 

Guest post by:†Patricia Deegan (February 1st 2017)

This is currently the London home of the Archbishop of Canterbury, who is the senior bishop of the Church of England and leader of the Anglican church. The archbishop of Canterbury has lived on this site since the thirteenth century due to itís proximity to the palace of Westminster (which itself had been started in the eleventh century) and the access to the river Thames. Though there was no bridge from Lambeth to Westminster on the north bank so people and goods had to go by ferry.

The modern Palace of Westminster taken from Lambeth Palace Ė donít be fooled by the misty atmosphere into thinking the building is far away. Itís literally just across the river as Parliament is right on the river. It was a cold day and quite misty. © Patricia Deegan

However, in the way of all such great houses, Lambeth Palace has had buildings added and changed around in the various centuries of itís existence. The gateway, Mortonís Tower, is Tudor as it was built in 1490 by Cardinal Morton. Sir Thomas More joined the staff of Lambeth palace when he was 12 to gain an education in the workings of the household. †It is thought More probably stayed in Mortonís Tower for a time.

Morton’s Tower © Patricia Deegan

The chamber, now known as the guard room. used to be the archbishopís principle audience chamber and it is thought that Sir Thomas More was summoned to this room in 1534 to swear the Oath of Supremacy by Thomas Cromwell.

Elizabeth Iís first archbishop, Matthew Parker, is the only archbishop buried in Lambeth palace. Thomas Cranmer is thought to have compiled the first Common Book of Prayer in a small room that has a balcony overlooking the internal chapel. Cardinal Pole lay in state in Lambeth palace for 40 days after his death in 1558.

© Patricia Deegan

It appears from their website that guided tours around it are permitted but itís primary purpose continues to be as the residence of the Archbishop. It also holds church records and the Community of Saint Anselm, an Anglican religious order that is under the patronage of the Archbishop of Canterbury.

The palace shows what a great personage the archbishop of Canterbury used to be as the palace has both a state dining room and a state drawing room. †I was pleased to see though that charitable giving also went on historically as ďthe Lambeth doleĒ, which comprised bread, broth and money, was given out from Mortonís Tower from the thirteenth to nineteenth centuries.

Two places in the palace have iron rings for prisoners: there is a small cell in Mortonís Tower that was used for imprisonment in the 16th century and there are also iron rings in the Lollardís Tower. Though Iím not sure why or how they were used in the residence of a churchman.

Although there appears to be a church right next to the palace, less than 100 yards away, it used to be a parish church as there is a chapel within the palace for the archbishop and palace staff. The next door parish church is now a garden museum due to historical links with gardener and plantsman John Tradescant.


Sources:

The photographs were taken by the author

http://www.archbishopofcanterbury.org/index.php

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Lambeth_Palace

http://www.parliament.uk/about/living-heritage/building/palace/estatehistory/the-middle-ages/anglosaxon-royal-palace/


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